Épernon

Épernon
Commune
View from the prairie
View from the prairie
Coat of arms of Épernon
Coat of arms
Épernon is located in France
Épernon
Épernon
Location within Centre-Val de Loire region
Épernon is located in Centre-Val de Loire
Épernon
Épernon
Coordinates: 48°36′41″N 1°40′30″E / 48°36′41″N 1°40′30″E / 48.6114; 1.675
CountryFrance
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
DepartmentEure-et-Loir
ArrondissementChartres
CantonÉpernon
IntercommunalityVal Drouette
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Françoise Ramond
Area16.43 km2 (2.48 sq mi)
Population (2008)25,254
 • Density820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code28140 /28230
Elevation110–165 m (361–541 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Épernon is a commune in the Eure-et-Loir department in the Centre-Val de Loire region in northern France. It lies some 27 kilometres (17 miles) northeast of Chartres, at the confluence of the Drouette and the Guesle.

History

Épernon was originally the home of the counts of Montfort and Amaury. In the 11th century, they raised the fortresses of Épernon and Montfort for the protection of the Château de St Léger and granted a charter to the town. Four gates gave access to the medieval city: the gate of Chartres, the gate of Geolle, the gate of Paris and the gate of Beauce. Above the gates an inscription paid homage to the village that previously existed there: Autrist fut jadis mon nom/A présent on me nomme Espierremont (Autrist was once my name/now my name is Espierremont). Charters of the 12th and 13th century variously refer to the town as Sparno and Sparnonum, but by the 14th century it had evolved to Esparnon and Espernon, very close to its present appellation.

In the 13th century it became an independent lordship, which remained attached to the crown of Navarre till, in the 16th century, it was sold by Henry III of France to Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette, for whom it was raised to the rank of a duchy in 1581. De Nogaret's second son, Bernard (1592–1661), succeeded his father to the dukedom and after his death, the title was borne by the families of Goth and of Pardaillan.

The Marquis de Sade was buried in an unmarked grave on his family property in Épernon.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Épernon
català: Épernon
Cebuano: Épernon
Deutsch: Épernon
español: Épernon
euskara: Épernon
français: Épernon
Bahasa Indonesia: Épernon
italiano: Épernon
Latina: Épernon
Lëtzebuergesch: Épernon
magyar: Épernon
Bahasa Melayu: Épernon
Nederlands: Épernon
occitan: Épernon
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Épernon
Piemontèis: Épernon
polski: Épernon
português: Épernon
română: Épernon
slovenčina: Épernon
svenska: Épernon
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Épernon
українська: Епернон
Tiếng Việt: Épernon
Volapük: Épernon
Winaray: Épernon
中文: 埃佩尔农