ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

Yagua ᎠᏴᏫᏯᎢ ᎠᏧᏣ, ᏧᎦᎾᏮ ᎠᎹᏰᎵ, ca. 1924

ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎦᏂᏓᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ, ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᎬᏫᏳᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ .

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏁᏙᎲᎾ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏎᎸᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏛᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ dermis. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ-ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ" ( trichome) ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎦᎪᏘ. ᎯᎠ ᏂᎯ ᎾᎿ arthropod, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏨᏍᎪᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎧᎿᏁᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᏨᏍᎪᏱ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ- ᏴᏫ ᏧᎾᏓᎴᎿ ᎠᏁᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ varieties ᏪᏌ, ᎩᏟ, ᎠᎴ ᏥᏍᏕᏥ ᏗᏓᏓᏂᎸᏣᏘ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ.

ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

"ᎠᏲᎵ ᎠᎨᏳᏣ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ", ᎾᎥᎢ Sophie Gengembre Anderson

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ mammal, ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎭ ᏂᎦᏛ-ᎦᏃᎴᏍᎬ, ᎤᎭᎨᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ. ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᎭ ᏗᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏌᎨᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ, ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏚᏃᎯᏍᏔᏍᎧ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ: coverage ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᎦᏁᎦ (ᏯᏛᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ " ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ").

ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏓᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏏᏐᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏚᎳᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᏌᏊ ᎠᏂᏁᎢᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏍᏆᎵᎯᎨᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ thinner ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ adaptations ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏩ ᏂᎬᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᏅ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ bipedal ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᎦᏘ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏚᎳᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏁᏌᏴᏢ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎪᎯ ᏂᎬᏅ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ cursorial ᎠᏂᏃᎯᎵᏙᎲ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏐᎢ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ Ꮎ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎸᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ thinning ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ chimpanzee ᎠᎴ ᏄᏁᎸᎾ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏚᏓᏩᏗᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏚᎸᏌᏛ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏗᎴᎩ ᏅᎩᏨᎴ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏄᏓᎴ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ. ᏄᏓᎴ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ bipedal ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏘᏉ predates hominid' ᎠᏓᏅ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏙᎯ ᎢᎾᎨ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏂᎬᏅ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ .

ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎾᏞᎬ ᏗᎪᏏᏌᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ (ᎯᎠ " Aquatic ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ") ᎤᎭ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎬᏙᏗ postulated ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ bipedal ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎹ ᎤᎯᏌᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Danakil ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ Ethiopia, ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ hominid ᏚᎾᏓᏚᏓᎸ ᎠᏰᎵ 5 ᎠᎴ 7 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎢᏳ ᏥᎨᏒ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎵᏦᎯᏓ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ streamlining ᎠᎴ ᎠᎽᏰᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ aquatic ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ; ᎯᎠ eccrine ᎠᎵᎠᎷ glands ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ hominids ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎪᎯ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏄᎸᏅ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎢᏧᎳ chimpanzees ᎠᎴ ᏄᏁᎸᎾ ᎤᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ eccrine glands, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎵᎠᎷ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ.

ᏦᎢᏁ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏌᎨᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎠᎵᏔᏲᏍᏗ Ꮎ Fisherian ᎠᏑᎳᎪᎢᏍᏗ sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏅ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎠᎭᏂ (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ) . ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᎪᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ neoteny, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏛᏍᎩ-ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎬᎢ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ). ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ), ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᏥ, ᎤᏍᏉᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ). ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏗᎪᏏᏐᏗ ᎯᎠ sexual dimorphism ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᏚᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎥᏝ ᏳᏓᎷᎳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ, ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᏔᎵ theories ᏝᏰᎵ ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᏓᏂᎳ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎾᏛᏁᎲᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ. ᏰᎵᏊ ᎪᎯᏳᏙ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ., ᎠᎴ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ " sexy" ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎪᎯ ᎢᎦ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ.

ᏄᏓᎴ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏅ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᏂᏰᎩ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ-ᎠᎨᏳᎯ ᎠᏥᎾᏝᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎿᏗᏢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ. "ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ, ectoparasite ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᏂᏛᎦ, ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᎪᏗᏳ ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ ᏚᏂᎬᏩᎶᏛ - ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ", "ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ hairlessness ᎨᏒᎢ adaptation ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ectoparasite ᎠᎧᎵᎢ." ᎠᏗᎭ ᎤᏙᏪᎸ Pagel, evolutionary biologist, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ Walter Bodmer ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏓᎪᎵᏰᏍᎬ, UK. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏅᏏᎾᏒ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ 'ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ' ᎬᏙᏗ ᏧᎾᏄᏬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ, ᎪᎯ adaptation ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ. "ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ gene/ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ-ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ" ᎠᏗᎭ Pagel. "ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲᎩ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏲᎱᏎᏗ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ." ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ scenario sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲᎩ ᎦᏣᏄᎳᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ.

ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ Hopi ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏣᏅᏗ, ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ Edward . Curtis, 1922

ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᎭ ᏦᎢ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ:

  • Lanugo, ᎯᎠ ᎣᏌᏂ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ Ꮎ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏰᎸ fetuses
  • Vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎯᎠ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ, ᎣᏌᏂ, " ᏆᏅ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ" ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ Ꮎ ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏚᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ sexes
  • ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎧᎵ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎦᏅᎯᏓᎨ, coarser, thicker, ᎠᎴ darker ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ

ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ noticeable ᎢᎦᏛ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ ᎦᏅᎯᏓᎨ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ. Ꮝ ᏅᏙᎲᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ termed alopecia, ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ baldness.

ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏛᏍᎩ ᎾᎿ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎾᎪᎲᎾ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏧᎾᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏴᏫ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ: ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ, ᎯᎠ ᏂᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎳᏑᎶ ᎦᎵᏍᏜᎥ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ, ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎸᏒ ᏂᎦᏛ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏅᎩ ᏧᏅᏏᏯ centimeter) varies ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᏓᎴ.

ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎸ

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ hormone( androgen) ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎠᏛᏍᎩ ᏂᏕᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎸ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏍᏗ androgen, ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ testosterone ᎠᎴ Ꮝ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ; ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ termed androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᎯᎠ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ sensitivities. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ testosterone ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎧᏁᏉᎠ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏨᏓᏓ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏨᏓᏓᎧᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ androgen sensitivity. ᎯᎠ pubic ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏁᏟᏴᏌᏘ, ᎠᎴ ᎦᎨᏓᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ androgens.

ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ Ꮎ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ androgens ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ sexes, ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ underarms ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ pubic ᎡᏍᎦᏂ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ, ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏐᎢ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ sexual dimorphism ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᎲᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ facial ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎦᏁᏥ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ) ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᎲᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏗ. ᎯᎠ genetic ᏚᏂᏲᏍᎬ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ-ᎦᏛᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ androgens ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ.

ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ hirsutism. ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎧᎵ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ hypertrichosis. ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎧᎵ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏅᏬᏘ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎾᎿ cultural ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏓᏟᏏᏍᎬ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ.

ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗᎭ ᏗᎴᏪᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᎴ dormancy. ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ, ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏚᏃᎯᏍᏔᏍᎧ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏓᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏦᎢᏁ millimeter ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ. ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᏦᎢ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ, ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᎾᎴᏫᏍᏗᏍᎬ (ᎯᎠ pubic ᎠᎴ armpit ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎤᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᎯᎢᏍᏗ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ). ᎯᎠ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏍᏕᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ. ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ dormancy, ᏄᏓᎴ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏭᎵᏱᎶᎸ ᎢᏤ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ pushes ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ. ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎾᎬᏁᎲ, ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎡᏆ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏚᎦᏔᏬᎸ. ᎯᎠ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏛ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 1.25 centimeters, ᎠᎴ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 0.5 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏛes, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏏᏅᏙ. Anthropologist ᎠᏩᏒᏗᏱ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏣᏅᏙ, byproduct ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ. ᏄᏓᎴ ᎤᏝᏅᏓᏕᎲ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ Fisherian ᎠᏑᎳᎪᎢᏍᏗ sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏗ marker ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏅᏩᏙᎯᏯᏛ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ (ᎬᏙᏗ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᎤᏓᏠᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ—ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 1 ᎠᏎᎯᎯ ᎠᎴ 39 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ—ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᏴᏩᏚᏫᏛ 80 ᎢᏯᏅᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 7 ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎠᏛᏍᎬ). ᎪᎯ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᏗᎪᏏᏐᏗ ᎦᏙᏃ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ sexes) ᎨᏒᎢ viewed ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎾᏊ.

Aging

ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏴᏫ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ colorless. ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎨᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ aging. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎪᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ varies ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ 75 ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏲᎵᎨ ᎤᎧᏁᎳ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, Ꮎ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏩᏌᏊ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ - ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎬ/ᎤᏓᏂᎳᎯᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ overall 'ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ' ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎿ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ, ᏴᏫ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᏍᎪᎸᎬ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ aging. ᎩᎦᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ doesn't ᎠᎦᏔᎲᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ; ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏃᏯᎭ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᎴ afterward ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏔᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎥᏝ ᎪᎱᏍᏗᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ medula ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏔᏅ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᎦᏘ ᎠᏥᏍᏓᏁᎦᎸᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎠᎴ thinning ᏂᎦᎥᏊ accompanies aging ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ Ꮎ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᏴ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᏉᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ baldness ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ 50 [1]. ᎯᎠ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ baldness ᎨᏒᎢ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ shared ᎾᎥᎢ ᏎᏍᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎠᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᏧᎾᏓᎴᎿ ᎠᏁᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎤᎭ evolutionary ᎠᎲᏏᏓᏍᏗ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ Ꮎ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏴᎩ ᏫᎵ ᎬᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎠᏛᏏᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ. ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ; ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎦᏁᎦ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎦᏚᏫᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᏛ dehydrate, ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᏴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏧᏓᏃᏣᎵ.

Pathological ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

ᏄᏬᏗ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏰᏍᎩ chemotherapy ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎨᏰᎯ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, noticeable ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎠᎴ eyebrow, ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᎵᏍᏓᎯᎨ dividing ᎦᏁᎸ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ cancerous ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ. ᏐᎢ ᎥᏳᎩ ᎠᎴ traumaᏰᎵᏇ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎨᏰᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ patches.

ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏓᎾᏅ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏓᎯᎯᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎯᏍᎩ, ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ Col. Lafayette Baker, ᎦᎪ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎫᏰᏉᏂ 3, 1868, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ spectrophotometer ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᏓᎳᏩᏎᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ Wally Pollack, Baker ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎾᏓᏅᏟ-ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ-ᏗᎧᎿᏩᏛᏍᏗ. ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ. ᎠᏨᏍᏛ . Neff, Pollack ᎠᏰᎲ ᎦᏅᎾᏩ Baker ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏬᎩᎸᏍᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᏍᏉᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏯᏔᏬᏍᏔᏅ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᎠᎨᏴ. Baker ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᎤᏁᎵᏒᎯ ᎦᎫᏍᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎪᏪᎵᎠ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᏗᎾᏓᏅᏟ ᎤᏤᎵ suitcoat ᏌᏊ ᎢᎦ.

ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ Factbook, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 17 181 µm (millionths [1] g ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ]]

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