Bulawan
English: Gold

Gold
79Au
Ag

Au

Rg
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Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Periodic table
platinumgold → mercury
Panagway
metallic yellow
Kinatibuk-ang mga kinaiya
Ngalan, simbolo, kaiphangold, Au, 79
Paglitok/
Kategoriyang elementoputhaw nga transisyon
Group, period, block11, 6, d
Gibug-aton sa atomo196.966569(4)
Kontorno sa elektron[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
Electron shells of gold (2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1)
History
PagkadiskobreMiddle Easterns (before 6000 BC)
Physical properties
Phasemagahi
Density (near r.t.)19.30 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p.17.31 g·cm−3
Melting point1337.33 K, 1064.18 °C, 1947.52 °F
Boiling point3129 K, 2856 °C, 5173 °F
Heat of fusion12.55
Heat of vaporization324 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity25.418 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)164618142021228126203078
Atomic properties
Oxidation states5, 4, 3, 2, 1, −1, −2
(amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity2.54 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies1st: 890.1 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1980 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius144 pm
Covalent radius136±6 pm
Van der Waals radius166 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurelattice face centered cubic
Gold has a lattice face centered cubic crystal structure
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[1]
Electrical resistivity(20 °C) 22.14 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity318 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion(25 °C) 14.2 µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod)(r.t.) 2030 m·s−1
Tensile strength120 MPa
Young's modulus79 GPa
Shear modulus27 GPa
Bulk modulus180 GPa
Poisson ratio0.44
Mohs hardness2.5
Vickers hardness216 MPa
Brinell hardness25 HB MPa
CAS registry number7440-57-5
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of gold
isoNAhalf-lifeDMDE (MeV)DP
195Ausyn186.10 dε0.227195Pt
196Ausyn6.183 dε1.506196Pt
0.686196Hg
197Au100%197Au is stable with 118 neutrons
198Ausyn2.69517 d1.372198Hg
199Ausyn3.169 d0.453199Hg
·

Ang bulawan o oro (Iningles gold) mao ang elementong kimiko sa talaang peryodiko nga may simbolo nga Au ug kaiphan nga atomik 79. Ang bulawan mao ang puthaw nga transisyon.

Ang mga gi basihan niini

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 


Other Languages
Acèh: Meuih
Afrikaans: Goud
Alemannisch: Gold
አማርኛ: ወርቅ
aragonés: Oro
Ænglisc: Gold
العربية: ذهب
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܕܗܒܐ
مصرى: دهب
অসমীয়া: সোণ
asturianu: Oru
Aymar aru: Quri
azərbaycanca: Qızıl
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башҡортса: Алтын
Boarisch: Goid
žemaitėška: Auksos
Bikol Central: Bulawan
беларуская: Золата
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Золата
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Bahasa Banjar: Amas
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བོད་ཡིག: གསེར།
brezhoneg: Aour
bosanski: Zlato
буряад: Алтан
català: Or
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gĭng
Tsetsêhestâhese: Véhone-ma'kaata
کوردی: زێڕ
corsu: Oru
čeština: Zlato
kaszëbsczi: Złoto
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Ꙁлато
Чӑвашла: Ылтăн
Cymraeg: Aur
dansk: Guld
Deutsch: Gold
Zazaki: Zern
Ελληνικά: Χρυσός
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Ôr
English: Gold
Esperanto: Oro
español: Oro
eesti: Kuld
euskara: Urre
estremeñu: Oru
فارسی: طلا
suomi: Kulta
Võro: Kuld
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français: Or
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Gàidhlig: Òr
galego: Ouro
Avañe'ẽ: Kuarepotiju
ગુજરાતી: સોનું
Gaelg: Airh
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kîm
עברית: זהב
हिन्दी: सोना
Fiji Hindi: Sona
hrvatski: Zlato
hornjoserbsce: Złoto
Kreyòl ayisyen:
magyar: Arany
հայերեն: Ոսկի
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interlingua: Auro
Bahasa Indonesia: Emas
Iñupiak: Manik kaviqsuaq
Ilokano: Balitok
ГӀалгӀай: Дошув
Ido: Oro
íslenska: Gull
italiano: Oro
日本語:
Patois: Guol
la .lojban.: solji
Jawa: Emas
ქართული: ოქრო
Kongo: Wolo
Gĩkũyũ: Gold
қазақша: Алтын
kalaallisut: Kuulti
ភាសាខ្មែរ: មាស
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಚಿನ್ನ
한국어:
Перем Коми: Зарни
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: سۄن
Ripoarisch: Jold
kurdî: Zêr
коми: Зарни
Кыргызча: Алтын
Latina: Aurum
Lëtzebuergesch: Gold
лакку: Муси
лезги: Къизил
Limburgs: Goud
Ligure: Öo
lumbaart: Or
lingála: Wólo
ລາວ: ທອງຄຳ
lietuvių: Auksas
latviešu: Zelts
मैथिली: सोना
мокшень: Зирня
Malagasy: Volamena
олык марий: Шӧртньӧ
македонски: Злато
മലയാളം: സ്വർണം
монгол: Алт
मराठी: सोने
кырык мары: Шӧртньӹ
Bahasa Melayu: Emas
Mirandés: Ouro
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရွှေ
эрзянь: Сырне
Plattdüütsch: Gold
नेपाली: सुन
नेपाल भाषा: लुं
Nederlands: Goud
norsk nynorsk: Gull
norsk: Gull
Novial: Ore
Nouormand: Or
Diné bizaad: Óola
occitan: Aur
Livvinkarjala: Kuldu
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ସୁନା
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸੋਨਾ
Kapampangan: Gintu
Papiamentu: Oro
पालि: औरियम
polski: Złoto
Piemontèis: Òr (element)
پنجابی: سونا
پښتو: سور زر
português: Ouro
Runa Simi: Quri
rumantsch: Aur
română: Aur
armãneashti: Malamâ
русский: Золото
русиньскый: Золото
संस्कृतम्: सुवर्णम्
саха тыла: Көмүс
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱥᱚᱱᱟ
sicilianu: Oru
Scots: Gowd
سنڌي: سون
davvisámegiella: Golli
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zlato
Simple English: Gold
slovenčina: Zlato
slovenščina: Zlato
Soomaaliga: Dahab
shqip: Ari
српски / srpski: Злато
Sranantongo: Gowtu
Seeltersk: Gould
Basa Sunda: Emas
svenska: Guld
Kiswahili: Dhahabu
தமிழ்: தங்கம்
ತುಳು: ಬಂಗಾರ್
తెలుగు: బంగారం
тоҷикӣ: Тилло
ไทย: ทองคำ
Tagalog: Ginto
Türkçe: Altın
татарча/tatarça: Алтын
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئالتۇن
українська: Золото
اردو: سونا
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oltin
vèneto: Oro
vepsän kel’: Kuld
Tiếng Việt: Vàng
Volapük: Goldin
walon: Ôr
Winaray: Bulawan
吴语:
хальмг: Алтн
isiXhosa: Igolide
მარგალური: ორქო
ייִדיש: גאלד
Yorùbá: Wúrà
Vahcuengh: Gim
中文:
文言: 金 (元素)
Bân-lâm-gú: Kim
粵語:
isiZulu: Igolide