मदद:IPA/Standard German

The charts below show the way International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents German language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Standard German phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of German. For a list of common pronunciation errors, see Anglophone pronunciation of foreign languages § German. For information on how to convert spelling to pronunciation, see German orthography § Grapheme-to-phoneme correspondences.

Consonants
जर्मनीऑस्ट्रियास्विट्जरलैंडExamplesEnglish approximation
DEATCH
bbei[1]ball
çich, durch; China (DE)hue
ddann[1]done
ffür, vonfuss
ɡgut[1]guest
hhathut
jJahryard
kkann, Tag,[2] cremencold
lLebenlast
Mantelbottle
mMannmust
Atemrhythm
nNamenot
beidensuddenly
ŋlanglong
pPerson, ab[2]puck
pfPfefferroughly like cupful
ʁrreden[3]DE: French rouge
AT, CH: red (Scottish)
slassen, Haus, großfast
ʃschon, Stadtshall
tTag, und[2]tall
tsZeit, Platzcats
Matschmatch
vwas[1]vanish
xnachloch (no lock–loch merger)
zSie, diese[1]hose
ʔbeamtet[4]
([bəˈʔamtət])
the glottal stops in uh-oh!
Non-native consonants
Dschungel[1][5]jungle
ʒGenie[1][5]pleasure
Stress
ˈBahnhofstraße
([ˈbaːnhoːfˌʃtʁaːsə])
as in battleship p/
ˌ
Vowels
जर्मनीऑस्ट्रियास्विट्जरलैंडExamplesEnglish approximation
DEATCH
Monophthongs
aalles[6]father, but rather short
aber, sah[6]father, but rather long
ɛEnde, hättebet
ɛːspät, wählen[7]bed
eben, gehenmate
ɪist, bittesit
liebe, Berlinseed
ɔOsten, kommenRP lot, American law
oder, hoheRP law
Ϛffnensomewhat like cut or RP hurt
øːÖsterreichsomewhat like RP bird or French peu
ʊundpush
Hutfood
ʏmüssenlike hit but with the lips rounded
übersomewhat like few
Diphthongs
einhigh
auf, Hausvow
ɔʏEuro, Häuserroughly like choice
Reduced vowels
ɐərimmer[3]DE, AT: sofa
CH: Scottish butter
əNameago
Semivowels
ɐ̯rUhr[3]DE, AT: sofa
CH: Scottish far
Studieyard
aktuellwould
Non-native vowels
ãːGourmand[8]French Mont Blanc
ɛ̃ːPointe[8]French Chopin
ɛɪMail[9]face
õːGarçon[8]French chanson
ɔʊCode[9]goat
œ̃ːParfum[8]French vingt-et-un
œːɐ̯øːrld[10]roughly like RP bird
Shortened vowels
aKalender[6][11]father
ãengagieren[8]French chanson
ɛ̃impair[8]French vingt-et-un
eElement[11]dress
iItalien[11]teach
ooriginell[11]RP thought
õfon[8]French Mont Blanc
œ̃Lundist[8]French vingt-et-un
øÖkonom[11]somewhat like hurt
uUniversität[11]truth
yPsychologie[11]like meet but with the lips rounded

इहो देखल जाय

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  • For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation#Entering IPA characters.